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Endemic birds

spectacled bear - tumbesian region - white winged guan - ecotourism

Tumbes Tyrant - Ochthoeca salvini

Endemic Birds of the Tumbeisan Region found at Chaparri

Chaparri Reserve is home to 39 species of birds endemic to the Tumbesian Region. The list below shows the endemic and a few other near-endemic spaciality species occurring in Chaparri Reserve with comments on their abundance and status in the reserve.

White-winged Guan Penelope albipennis – Common and easily seen resident. Approximately 65 birds live in the reserve with 6 breeding pairs in Chaparri valley.

Ochre-bellied Dove Leptotilla ochraceiventris – A rare visitor in the wet season with few records; mostly from Pavas ravine.

Red-masked Parakeet Aratinga erythrogenys – Common resident. Large flocks fly over in the early morning and late afternoon to roosts on Chaparri mountain and smaller feeding flocks can be seen anywhere in the reserve.

Pacific Parrotlet Forpus coelestis – Common resident throughout the reserve.

Peruvian Screech-Owl Otus roboratus – Fairly common resident; two fairly tame birds can readily be seen around the lodge at night.

Peruvian Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium peruanum – common resident, several pairs in Chaparri Valley and often heard calling and seen in the late afternoon.

Scrub Nightjar Caprimulgus anthonyi – Fairly common in the lower areas of the reserve and easily found along the entrance road at night.

Tumbes (Short-tailed) Swift Chaetura (brachyura) ocypetes – Uncommon visitor in the wet season.

Tumbes Hummingbird Leucippus baeri – Fairly common resident, usually present at the early morning hummingbird bath in the dry season (June to January)

Short-tailed Woodstar Myrmia micrura – Common, especially in drier areas where the most abundant hummingbird.

Scarlet-backed Woodpecker Verniliornis callonotus – Fairly common and quite easily seen in more wooded areas.

Guayaquil Woodpecker Campephilus melanoleucus – Uncommon resident, mostly seen higher in Chaparri valley or Pavas ravine.

Coastal Miner Geositta peruviana – Rare visitor to agricultural and barren areas – much more easily seen along the coast.

Pacific Hornero Furnarius leucopus – Common resident.

Necklaced Spinetail Synallaxis stictothorax – Fairly common at lower elevations and around the community, uncommon near the lodge.

Henna-hooded Foliage-gleaner Hylocryptus erythrocephalus – Rare visitor, three records in wet season.

Collared Antshrike Sakesphorus bernardi – Common resident in wooded areas; visits bird feeders at lodge.

Elegant Crescent-chest Maelanopareia elegans – Fairly common resident of wooded and scrubby areas, quite easily seen on main trail and near lodge.

Peruvian Plantcutter Phytotoma raimondii – Rare visitor, recorded only three times in remote areas of the reserve. Easily seen at nearby Bosque de Pomac Historical Sanctuary.

Pacific Elaenia Myiopagis subplacens – Uncommon resident, one regular territory near the reservoir.

Tumbes Tyrannulet Phaeomyias tumbezana – Uncommon to fairly common. Uncommon but resident near the lodge, more common near the community.

Grey-and-white Tyrannulet Pseudelaenia leucospodia – Common resident in wooded and scrubby habitats.

Tumbes Pewee Contopus punensis – Fairly common resident in more wooded areas.

Tumbes Tyrant Ochthoeca salvini – Fairly common (but surprisingly inconspicuous unless call known) resident, at least five pairs breed in Chaparri valley.

Rufous Flycatcher Myiarchus semirufus – Uncommon but increasing in lower areas, most readily found near the first gate and in the scrubby areas north of the main wash.

Sooty-crowned Flycatcher Myiarchus phaeocephalus – Uncommon resident, one pair is seen regularly on main trail near lookout.

Baird's Flycatcher Myiodynastes bairdii – Common resident.

Tumbes Swallow Tachycineta stolzmanni – Rare visitor. Quite easily seen at nearby Bosque de Pomac.

Superciliated Wren Thryothorus superciliaris – Common resident; comes to feeders near lodge.

Plumbeous-backed Thrush Turdus reevei – Uncommon to seasonally fairly common in the wet season, generally in more humid valleys.

Ecuadorian Thrush Turdus maculirostris – Rare, one record during the 2001 wet season.

White-tailed Jay Cyanocorax mystacalis – Fairly common, one family regularly visit feeders at the lodge.

Masked (Black-lored) Yellowthroat Geothlypis aequinoctialis – Uncommon and elusive but regularly recorded in denser scrub in more humid areas.

Black-and-white Tanager Conothraupis speculigera – Wet season (January to May) visitor, abundance varies markedly from year to year with more individuals in wetter years.

Crimson-breasted Finch Rhodospingus cruentus – Uncommon visitor during the wet season when recorded mainly with seedeater flocks in Chaparri valley or around agricultural fields.

Cinereous Finch Piezorhina cinerea – Fairly common on the lower plain, rare near the lodge.

Drab Seedeater Sporophila simplex – Uncommon but regular visitor (usually seen October-January)

Sulphur-throated Finch Sicalis taczanowskii – Common resident, often in large flocks on the plain and easily seen in the mornings coming to the lower part of Chaparri valley to drink.

White-headed Brush-Finch Atlapetes albiceps – Fairly common resident, sometimes visits feeders at lodge.

Black-capped Sparrow Arremon abeillei – Uncommon resident, mainly in the upper valley and on higher ridges, rare near lodge.

Tumbes Sparrow Aimophila stolzmanni – Common, especially in drier areas; visits the feeders near the lodge.

Black-cowled Saltator Saltator nigriceps – Rare, only recorded once in remote area.

White-edged Oriole Icterus graceannae – Fairly common favoring more humid areas.